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关于爱国主义  

2008-04-14 18:56:12|  分类: 教育 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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   最近“爱国”这个词汇常被提起,就想起以前在网上看过一个帖子,一些关于“爱国主义”的另类说话,转贴于此,当然,有删节。 

 

      What do we mean by patriotism in the context of our times? I venture to suggest that what we mean is a sense of national responsibility... a patriotism which is not short, frenzied outbursts of emotion, but the tranquil and steady dedication of a lifetime.
  
  Adlai E. Stevenson
  
  在我们时代的语境中,我们的“爱国主义”到底是什么意思?我敢说,我们的意思是一种对国家的责任感……这种爱国主义不是短暂的、 狂热的情感的爆发,而是安静而稳定的终生贡献。
  埃德莱 E. 史蒂文生
  
  
  True patriotism doesn''t exclude an understanding of the patriotism of others.
  
  Queen Elizabeth II
  
  真正的爱国主义不排斥对于其他人的爱国主义的理解。
  伊丽莎白女王二世
  
  I realize that patriotism is not enough. I must have no hatred or bitterness towards anyone.
  
  Edith Cavell
  
  我认识到,爱国主义是不够的,我还必须不对任何人心怀仇恨与抱怨。
  艾迪斯·卡维尔
  
  Patriotism is a arbitrary veneration of real estate above principles.
  
  George Jean Nathan
  爱国主义是超越于原则之上的对于不动产的一种专横的崇拜。
  乔治·简·纳森
  
  
  I think patriotism is like charity -- it begins at home.
  
  Henry James
  
  我认为爱国主义就如慈善——它是从家庭里开始的。
  亨利·詹姆斯
  
  Patriotism is your conviction that this country is superior to all other countries because you were born in it.
  
  George Bernard Shaw
  
  爱国主义就是你确信:这个国家比所有其他的国家都要出色,只因为你生于斯。
  乔治·肖伯纳

  Patriotism: Combustible rubbish ready to the torch of any one ambitious to illuminate his name.
  
  Ambrose Bierce

  Patriotism, when it wants to make itself felt in the domain of learning, is a dirty fellow who should be thrown out of doors.
  
  Arthur Schopenhauer
  
  爱国主义,当它涉入认知领域时,是一个应该被扔出门外的混小子。
  阿瑟·舒本华

  You will never have a quiet world until you knock the patriotism out of the human race.
  
  George Bernard Shaw
  
  除非你把爱国主义从人类中驱逐出去,你将永远不会拥有一个宁静的世界。
  乔治·肖伯纳

  You''re not supposed to be so blind with patriotism that you can''t face reality. Wrong is wrong, no matter who says it.
  
  Malcolm X
  不能允许你用爱国主义蒙蔽双眼而不能面对现实。错就是错,不管是谁说的。
  马尔科姆·X
  
  Patriotism must be founded on great principals and supported by great virtue.
  
  Henry Bolingbroke
  
  爱国主义必须建立在伟大的原则之上并以伟大的美德作为后盾。
  亨利·柏林布鲁克
  
  A man''s country is not a certain area of land, of mountains, rivers, and woods, but it is a principle; and patriotism is loyalty to that principle.
  
  George William Curtis
  
  一个人的国家不是某一片土地,山脉,河流以及森林,而是一个原则;而爱国主义就是对那个原则的忠诚。
  乔治·威廉·科蒂斯
  
  Patriotism is easy to understand in America; it means looking out for yourself by looking out for your country.
  
  Calvin Coolidge
  
  爱国主义在美国是很容易理解的;它意味着用警惕你的国家的方式警惕自己。
  
  I do not mean to exclude altogether the idea of patriotism. I know it exists, and I know it has done much in the present contest. But I will venture to assert, that a great and lasting war can never be supported on this principle alone. It must be aided by a prospect of interest, or some reward.
  
  George Washington
  
  我无意彻底排斥爱国主义观念。我知道它存在,并且我知道它在当前的争端中起到了相当的作用。但是我敢断言,一场伟大持久的战争决不能仅仅靠这个原则来支撑。还必须有对于利益或回报的预期。
  乔治·华盛顿
  
  Nationalism is our form of incest, is our idolatry, is our insanity. "Patriotism" is its cult. It should hardly be necessary to say, that by "patriotism" I mean that attitude which puts the own nation above humanity, above the principles of truth and justice; not the loving interest in one''s own nation, which is the concern with the nation''s spiritual as much as with its material welfare -- never with its power over other nations. Just as love for one individual which excludes the love for others is not love, love for one''s country which is not part of one''s love for humanity is not love, but idolatrous worship.
  
  Erich Fromm
  
  民族主义是我们的乱伦模式,是我们的偶像崇拜,是我们的疯狂。“爱国主义”是它的迷信崇拜。不必说,我所谓的 “爱国主义”态度将自己的国家置于人道之上,置于正义与真理的原则之上;不是对某人自己国家的利益的热爱,这种热爱既关注国家的精神财富也关注它的物质财富——从不以强力欺凌别国。仅仅爱一个个体而排斥对他人的爱就不是爱,不把爱某人的国家作为对人道主义的热爱的组成部分就不是爱,而是偶像崇拜。
  埃里克·弗罗姆
  
  When a nation is filled with strife, then do patriots flourish.
  
  Lao-Tzu
  当国家充满冲突的时候,爱国者就很丰盛。(圣人不死,大盗不止。)
  老子
  
  My country wrong or right, is like saying my mother, drunk or sober.
  
  Gilbert K. Chesterton
  
  我的国家错误或正确,就像说,我的母亲醉酒或清醒。
  吉尔伯特·K. 切斯特顿
  
  The citizen who criticizes his country is paying it an implied tribute.
  
  James W. Fulbright
  
  批评他的国家的公民是在含蓄地为国家作贡献。
  詹姆斯·W. 富布莱特
  
  The love of one''s country is a splendid thing -- but why should love stop at the border?
  
  Pablo Casals
  
  对一个人的国家的爱是美好的事情——但为什么爱要止于国界。
  帕布鲁·凯瑟尔斯
  
  God and Country are an unbeatable team; they break all records for oppression and bloodshed.
  
  Luis Bunuel
  
  上帝和国家是一支不可被击败的球队;他们打破了所有压迫和流血的纪录。
  路易斯·巴纳尔
  
  The love of their country is with them only a mode of flattering its master; as soon as they think that master can no longer hear, they speak of everything with a frankness which is the more startling because those who listen to it become responsible.
  
  Marquis De Custine
  
  对他们来说,爱国不过是谄媚统治者的一种方式;只要他们认为统治者再也听不到,他们所说的一切马上就惊人地诚恳,因为那些听他们说话的人是可靠的。
  卡斯汀侯爵
  
  Whenever you hear a man speak of his love for his country, it is a sign that he expects to be paid for it.
  
  H. L. Mencken
  
  任何时候当你听到一个人说他爱他的国家,这是一个信号,表明他在期待为此获得报偿。
  
  To make us love our country, our country ought to be lovely.
  
  Edmund Burke
  
  要让我们爱我们的国家,我们的国家应该可爱才行。
  爱德蒙·柏克
  
  My country right or wrong; when right, to keep her right; when wrong, to put her right.
  
  Carl Schurz
  
  我的国家正确或错误;当它正确时,保持它的正确;当它错误时,促使它正确。
  卡尔·舒尔茨
  
  The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands it NOW deserves the love and thanks of man and woman.
  
  Thomas Paine
  
  风华正茂的军人、光彩照人的爱国者,在这样的危机中,也会怯于为他的国家服务;但是至今还能经受住考验的人,理应受到人们的感激与爱戴。
  托马斯·潘恩

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